Samburu National Reserve is runs alongside the banks of Ewaso Nyiro River.The river also separates it from Bufallo springs National Park . The reserve covers an area of 165 Km² and is located around 345Km from Nairobi.
Samburu National reserve is rich in wildlife and has its own special big five animals which are not found in any other parks below the equator line. They are referred to as rare northern specialist species and they include the Grevy Zebra, Somali Ostrich, Reticulated Giraffe, Gerenuk and the Beisa Oryx (Also referred as Samburu Special). The reserve is also popular with elephants and predators such as the Lion, Leopard and Cheetah are an important attraction (Kamunyak the Miracle Lioness that adapted the baby Oryx is a resident in the reserve).. Birdlife is in plenty with over 450 species recorded.. Lesser Kestrel and the Taita Falcon are species of global conservation concern and they both found in the reserve. Five species categorized as vulnerable have been recorded in the reserve. These are African Darter, Great Egret, White-headed Vulture, Martial Eagle and the Yellow-billed Ox-pecker. Critically endangered species under CITIES – Pancake tortoise is found in the reserve.